No matter if your interests lie within healthcare or not, keeping up with trends can help maximize your impact over time.

Six out of ten Americans live with at least one chronic disease. Public health initiatives aim to lessen its burden through education and encouraging healthier lifestyle choices.


According to CDC data, overweight people are at an increased risk for cancer, cardiovascular disease and other health issues due to obesity. Lifestyle factors including eating too many calories and not participating in enough physical activity often play a part in obesity; genetics or certain diseases (gestational diabetes in pregnant women or autoimmune conditions such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can also play a part).

Public health programs encourage regular exercise and diet as ways to keep people healthy, while encouraging preventative health care through immunizations and screening for diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Their goal is to catch problems early before they become more serious.

Public health agencies go beyond vaccinations and screenings by providing education on changing behaviors that lead to illness. They may encourage smokers to quit using tobacco, encourage people to eat more nutritious food choices and offer resources for people battling substance abuse or depression.

Public health issues often require immediate response, like monitoring COVID-19 cases and responding swiftly to outbreaks of measles or cholera. Longer-term solutions might involve encouraging people to undergo colonoscopies regularly in order to detect and treat polyps that increase their risk of colorectal cancer.

Some health problems are largely preventable, such as vaccine-preventable diseases or those related to poor lifestyle choices – for instance lack of exercise and too much sodium in diet – while others such as heart disease and high blood pressure cannot always be avoided; public health programs aim to mitigate risks through education and initiatives to improve food, water and air quality. According to the Global Health Service Monitor report released last September, Americans are more likely than their counterparts elsewhere to view healthcare as too costly (52% vs an average across 30 countries of 31%) while many also believe good health is unattainable due to financial constraints (67% vs 48% globally).

Chronic Diseases

Chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, arthritis and asthma, are among the most prevalent and expensive health conditions in America. Hospitalization, reduced quality of life or even death may occur as a result. But many chronic illnesses can be avoided through adopting healthier lifestyle choices and making sound treatment decisions.

But the public remains unaware of this truth; most believe chronic diseases are caused by factors beyond their control, while one-fifth believe those who develop them bear some responsibility themselves.

Public perception of these diseases also underestimates their burden, with 3 out of 10 saying the government is not doing enough to address them, which is higher than the global average (26%). Furthermore, Americans were especially inclined to see bureaucracy as being a significant issue with healthcare system while other countries such as Chile, Canada and South Korea reported lower percentages who saw this as being such an issue.

Although most members of the public don’t recognize the severity of this problem, they do recognize its presence. More people than globally average report having friends or family living with chronic conditions than global average does.

However, they’re less likely to report experiencing a chronic condition themselves, especially obesity, high blood pressure and stress – all factors linked together that increase risk for heart disease – one of the leading causes of death in America. But these issues can be prevented through regular physical activity, healthy diet and avoidance of smoking.

High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is an essential part of blood, yet too much cholesterol in your arteries can be dangerous, leading to heart disease and stroke. High cholesterol can often be due to lifestyle factors like an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity that raises bad cholesterol levels; heredity; or being overweight or obese.

Other risk factors for heart disease in the US include smoking, which reduces your good cholesterol; alcohol use which raises both your total and LDL cholesterol; family history of cardiovascular issues and certain medical conditions and medications. Heart disease remains one of the leading causes of death but can often be avoided through changes to diet and exercise as well as regular cardiovascular screenings.

An elevated cholesterol count doesn’t spell death; rather, it signals the need to make some lifestyle adjustments and potentially take medications in order to control it. Your healthcare provider can assist in finding a treatment that’s tailored specifically to you.

Ipsos’ Global Health Service Monitor 2021 indicates that Americans are significantly more concerned than people from other nations about mental health and drug abuse as a top health issue, while being less worried about cancer, stress, diabetes or smoking. They tend to perceive high quality healthcare as being too costly and may perceive that their system does not give everyone access to equal quality of care.

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) occurs when major blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart become narrow or blocked, usually as a result of plaque accumulating on its inner walls. Over time, this build-up can restrict or even completely block your heart’s blood flow resulting in chest pain or shortness of breath; total blockage could even result in a heart attack.

A stent is a small device used to open blocked arteries so blood can flow again, often through self-expanding metal stents, drug-eluting stents or bioresorbable ones. They should typically be implanted using local anesthesia in order to minimize discomfort during their placement process.

Your body has an internal repair system designed to make blood clots to seal off damaged areas in an artery and stop bleeding, but when plaque builds up in an artery and blocks blood flow, this could lead to heart attacks or strokes; the build-up is known as atherosclerosis.

Heart disease is one of the primary causes of death in America, and more likely to strike as we age. But there are steps you can take to lower your risk for coronary artery disease such as exercising regularly, eating healthily and not smoking.

Public health issues can be complex, and public health officials use various criteria to assess them. This could range from data modeling to the likelihood of disease outbreak and taking into account various control measures – such as raising seat belt laws to reduce car accident deaths or increasing taxes or prohibiting selling alcohol to minors – before making their assessment.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a widely prevalent disease characterized by increased forces exerted against arterial walls by blood. This increases risk for heart attack, stroke and kidney failure as well as other medical problems. Causes may include genetics, obesity, smoking, diabetes or certain medications.

Healthy diet and regular physical activity are among the best ways for individuals to lower their blood pressure, as are adequate rest and limiting alcohol consumption. People at risk of high blood pressure should visit their physician every two years or more frequently if other health issues increase their chances of high blood pressure development.

People can take steps to prevent high blood pressure by following a low-sodium diet and regularly exercising, as well as getting their blood pressure checked regularly if their family history includes high blood pressure or cardiovascular diseases. It is especially advised for people with family histories of either high blood pressure or cardiovascular diseases to have their blood pressure regularly checked.

African Americans may receive most of the attention for disparities in COVID-19 treatment, but they also face disadvantage throughout healthcare system. Their higher rate of infection and worse prognosis for various health conditions stem from inequalities in health care access and poverty; moreover they experience more negative outcomes due to chronic diseases like heart disease which is the leading cause of African American mortality; they had 43% greater risks in 1999 compared with whites which has narrowed since but still remains an issue that should be addressed immediately.